Sunday, March 2, 2008

CNN Student News: Profiles in Women's History

(CNN Student News) -- The followers profiles have outstanding women in the Fields of politics, law, sports, scientific discipline and business.

Betty Betty Betty Friedan Betty Friedan (1921-2006) is best known as a philosopher of modern-day feminism. In 1957, she began to direct questionnaires to other women and noted that they were dissatisfied with their lives. Betty Friedan organized this information into a bestselling book, The Feminine Mystique, published in 1963. The book elaborate the defeat of women who were expected to trust on their hubbies and children for their happiness. In 1966, Betty Friedan became one of the laminitises of the National Organization for Women (NOW), which was dedicated to achieving equal chances for women. She also co-founded the National Women's Political Caucus, saying it was organized "to do policy, not coffee." Don't Miss

Wisecrack Drive Wisecrack Drive (1951 - ) was the first American adult female to celestial orbit the Earth, though at first she considered a calling in professional tennis. She was selected for a National Aeronautics and Space Administration spaceman preparation programme while working on her doctor's degree in astrophysics at Leland Stanford University. Drive became the first American adult female in space on June 18, 1983, as a member of the shuttlecock Rival crew. Later, she said of that six-day mission, "The thing that I'll retrieve most about the flight is that it was fun. In fact, I'm sure it was the most merriment I'll ever have got in my life." In the old age that followed, Drive became the lone individual to function on committees investigating both the Rival and the Columbia River shuttlecock tragedies. Today, Wisecrack Drive plant on programmes that advance scientific discipline and math, especially for girls, and she have authored children's books about space.

Baby Baby Babe Zaharias Zaharias At a clip when women were not expected to be athletes, Mildred "Babe" Zaharias Zaharias (1911-1956) dominated respective sports. Nicknamed Baby for her "Ruth-like" home runs, Zaharias first achieved national attending during the 1932 Los Angeles Olympics, where she won gold decorations and broke her ain human race records in both the javelin and the 80-meter hurdles. By 1933, she turned to golf, where she would eventually win more than than 50 tournaments, including three U.S. Women's Opens. In 1950, after Babe Zaharias outbragged and outcompeted her equals for two decades, the Associated Press named her the "Greatest Female Athlete of the First One-Half of the 20th Century."

Billie Jean King For two decades, world-renowned tennis participant Billie Jean King (1943 - ) dominated the athletics with 695 lucifer victories, including six Wimbledon and four U.S. Open titles. One of her best-known titles came in 1973 at the tallness of the women's release movement. In the so-called "Battle of the Sexes," King defeated the self-proclaimed "male chauvinist" Bobby Riggs in a lucifer that the Greater London Lord'S Day Times called "the driblet shot and fusillade heard 'round the world." A innovator and militant for women's rights, King used her achievements on the tribunal to assist pave the manner for the adjacent coevals of female athletes. In 1990, Life magazine named her 1 of the "100 Most Important Americans of the 20th Century."

Danica Saint Saint Patrick American racecar driver Danica Patrick (1982 - ) first started racing at age 10, following her sister's involvement in go-karts. Saint Patrick quickly showed her preference for speed, zooming to top-10 finishes and statute titles throughout her immature career. In 2005, she made history by leading an open-wheel title series, and Saint Patrick was named the IndyCar Series' Cub of the Year. She also started and finished in 4th topographic point at the 2005 Capital Of Indiana 500.

Marie Marie Marie Curie Polish-born Marie Curie (1867-1934) was always an exceeding student. When she and her hubby were recognized in 1903 for their groundbreaking physical science research, she became the first female victor of a Alfred Nobel Prize. Another such as awarding followed in 1911, when Marie Curie received the Alfred Nobel Prize in Chemistry after she discovered the elements Ra and polonium. This award made her the first person to have multiple Alfred Nobel Prizes.

Margaret Margaret Margaret Thatcher Known as the "Iron Lady" for her strong leadership, Margaret Thatcher (1925 - ) made history in 1979 by becoming Europe's first elective female caput of state. She served as British People premier curate for 11 years, emerging as the lone 20th century British leader to win three sequent elections. Margaret Thatcher also led her state to triumph over Argentine Republic in the 1982 Falklands War. After she stepped down in 1990, Margaret Thatcher started a foundation to advance democracy and international cooperation. She later received Britain's peak civil and military honor, the Order of the Garter.

Geraldine Ferraro Writer of a book entitled "Changing History," Geraldine Ferraro (1935 - ) made history herself when she became the first American adult female to run for frailty president on a major political party ticket. Ferraro was the running play first mate of Democratic presidential campaigner Bruno Walter Mondale in 1984. Though the brace did not win, Ferraro remained politically active and served as a member of the United Nations Committee on Person Rights from 1993 to 1996. Her sketch also includes work as a teacher, lawyer and U.S. representative.

Madeleine Albright Madeleine Albright (1937 - ) was born in Prague, Czechoslovakia. As the Nazis invaded that state before World War II, Albright and her household fled and eventually settled in the U.S. She graduated from Wellesley College in Massachusetts, and she later received master's and doctor's degree grades from Columbia River University in New York. By the late 1970s, she was working in the White Person House for President Jimmy Carter's national security team. In 1993, she became the U.S. embassador to the United Nations. In 1997, the Senate approved Albright as the 64th U.S. secretary of state; she was the first adult female ever to throw the position.

Donna Shirley As a adolescent in a little Sooner State town, Donna Shirley dreamed of exploring Red Planet and took an intense involvement in flying airplanes. Before she was out of her teens, she was flying solo and earning her pilot's licenses. Shirley entered college in the 1950s to analyze aerospace technology at a clip when technology schools were still a male stronghold. She was successful, earning a bachelor's grade from the University of Sooner State and a master's grade from the University of Southern California. Shirley spent 32 old age at NASA's jet plane propulsion lab, the Pb U.S. centre for robotic geographic expedition of the solar system, where Shirley managed the Red Planet geographic expedition program. In 1997, the human race watched as two of her undertakings - the Red Planet Scout and the Sojourner Microrover - landed on Mars. Two calendar months later, the Red Planet Global Surveyor went into celestial orbit around the reddish planet. The undertakings that Shirley worked on became some of NASA's top successes.

Anne Mulcahy As president and chief executive officer of Xerox, Anne Mulcahy (1952 - ) cognizes about far more than than making copies. Max Born in Rockville Centre, New York, Mulcahy earned a bachelor's grade in English Language and news media from Marymount College. She have spent most of her 30-year career at Xerox, starting off as a field gross sales representative and gradually moving up the ranks to throw senior direction and executive director positions. In 2002, Mulcahy helped pulling Xerox out of a near-fatal slump, assisting the company to stand up out in the printing and copying concern despite a batch of competitors. In improver to heading up Xerox, Mulcahy also functions on the boards of managers at Catalyst, Citigroup and Target.

Million Walt Walt Whitman You may not cognize the name Million Whitman (1957 - ), but you no uncertainty cognize the name of the company she runs: eBay. Walt Whitman grew up in Cold Spring Harbor, New York. In the late 1970's, she earned an undergraduate grade from Princeton University and a master's grade in concern disposal from Harvard University University. Before joining eBay, Walt Whitman held top-level jobs at a figure of major companies, including Walt Disney, Pace Rite and FTD. In the late 1990s, she was tapped to go president and chief executive officer of the online auction bridge house eBay. Under her leadership, the company's grosses for 2000 exceeded $430 million, an addition of 92 percentage over 1999. EBay goes on to thrive. In 2007, it generated grosses of more than than $7.5 billion. A possible key to Whitman's success: She have been described as "relentlessly optimistic." Walt Walt Whitman bes after to step down from eBay on March 31, 2008, but she will stay on the board.

Sandra Day O'Connor Sandra Day O'Connor (1930 - ) was the first adult female to function on the U.S. Supreme Court. Max Born in Elevation Paso, Texas, O'Connor grew up on a big household spread in Arizona. She earned undergraduate and law grades from Leland Stanford University. After holding assorted occupations in the legal field and starting to raise a family, O'Connor became an helper lawyer full general for the state of Arizona. Afterward, she worked as a Republican lawmaker in the state senate, where she served as bulk leader; O'Connor was the first adult female in the United States to throw such as a position. She also served as a justice at a county superior tribunal and a state tribunal of entreaties in 1981. Also in 1981, President Ronald Ronald Reagan nominated O'Connor to fill up a vacancy on the U.S. Supreme Court. She was confirmed unanimously by the Senate and was sworn in as the first female Supreme Court justness in history. During her 24 old age on the high court, O'Connor was considered a decisive swing ballot in many key decisions. She retired from the bench in 2006.

Condoleezza Rice Condoleezza Rice (1954 - ) is the first African-American adult female to throw the place of U.S. secretary of state. From 2000 to 2005, Rice was the first adult female to function as national security advisor to the president. Rice spent her young person in Birmingham, Heart Of Dixie and later in Denver, Colorado. She enrolled at the University of Mile-High City at the age of 15, and she studied under Madeleine Albright's father. Rice went on to obtain master's and doctor's degree grades and then taught political scientific discipline at Leland Stanford University. During Saint George H.W. Bush's presidency, Rice held stations in the National Security Council. Shrub once said to Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, Rice "tells me everything I cognize about the Soviet Union." Rice later held the station of provost of Leland Stanford University; she was the first woman, the first African-American, and the youngest individual to throw that office. In improver to English, she talks Russian, Gallic and Spanish, and she is an complete pianist.

Aung San Suu Kyi Aung San Suu Kyi (1945 - ) won the Alfred Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 "for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights" in Myanmar, formerly known as Burma. Suu Kyi's father was commanding officer of the Myanmar Independence Army; her female parent was Burma's embassador to India. Educated at Oxford, Suu Kyi held assorted diplomatic stations throughout the human race from 1969 to 1988. She assumed the function of resistance leader after Burmese armed military units forces killed more than than 1,000 demonstrators in 1988. After Suu Kyi's political party won parliamentary elections in 1990, the opinion armed forces cabal refused to manus over power. From 1989 to 1995, and again from 2000 to 2002, Suu Kyi was placed under house arrest. In 2003, federal functionaries imprisoned her, and, as of February 2008, she stays under house apprehension in Myanmar. Suu Kyi goes on to press for democracy in her place state through non-violent means; she have received numerous awardings and acknowledgment throughout the Earth for her efforts.

Benazir Bhutto Benazir Bhutto (1953-2007) was the first female leader of any Muslim Republic. Her father had also served as Pakistan's premier curate before he was ousted in a military coup d'etat and executed in 1979. After disbursement respective old age under house arrest, Benazir Bhutto led the Islamic Republic Of Islamic Republic Of Pakistan People's Party (PPP) to triumph in 1988, becoming the first female premier curate of Pakistan. The country's president dismissed Bhutto's authorities in 1990, but she won the premier curate station again in 1993. After President Farooq Leghari dismissed Bhutto's 2nd disposal in 1996, she exiled herself to Greater London and Dubai. In October 2007, she returned to Islamic Republic Of Pakistan in the hopes of sharing powerfulness with President Pervez Musharraf's government. Bhutto was assassinated on December 27, 2007. After her death, the PPP won parliamentary elections, continuing Bhutto's bequest of promoting democracy in Pakistan.

Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf (1938- ) is president of Republic Of Liberia and the first elective female president of any African nation. After Johnson-Sirleaf obtained her master's grade in public disposal from Harvard University University, she worked in fiscal direction for the Liberian government, eventually ascending to the station of finance curate in the Liberian Cabinet in the 1970s. She also held outstanding places at the U.N., World Bank, Citicorp, and the Liberian authorities throughout her 30-year career. In 1985, Liberian functionaries placed Johnson-Sirleaf nether house apprehension for speech production out against the government. She fled to the U.S. and became frailty president for Equator Bank. From 1992 to 1997, she was adjunct secretary-general of the United Nations. Johnson-Sirleaf came in 2nd topographic point in the 1997 Liberian presidential elections, and that same year, she helped look into the Rwandan genocide. When Republic Of Liberia erupted into civil war, Johnson-Sirleaf was exiled again. She served in the transitional authorities after President Prince Charles Taylor's surrender in 2003, and Johnson-Sirleaf became president herself after elections in 2005. With assistance from the international community, she have been able to keep peace and have begun to reconstruct her nation's economy.

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